Educate yourself to the technical jargons in trading and learn how to make use of those


  • Annual Report

    A yearly report prepared by a company to provide information about its financial performance, management strategy, and future prospects

  • Arbitrage

    The practice of taking advantage of price differences in different markets to make a profit

  • Averaging Down

    Buying more shares of a stock as its price decreases, in order to lower the average cost per share


  • Bear Market

    A prolonged period of declining stock prices, typically accompanied by a pessimistic economic outlook

  • Beta

    A measure of a stock's volatility in relation to the overall market

  • Bid

    The price at which a buyer is willing to purchase a security

  • Bid-Ask Spread

    The difference between the highest price a buyer is willing to pay (bid) and the lowest price a seller is willing to accept (ask)

  • Blue-Chip Stocks

    Shares of large, well-established, and financially stable companies with a history of reliable performance

  • Bond

    A fixed-income security that represents a loan made by an investor to a borrower, typically a government or corporation

  • Bull Market

    A period of rising stock prices, typically accompanied by an optimistic economic outlook

  • Buyback

    A company's repurchase of its own outstanding shares from the market


  • Capitalization

    The total value of a company's outstanding shares of stock, calculated by multiplying the share price by the number of shares

  • Capital Gains

    Profits made from the sale of a capital asset, such as stocks, bonds, or real estate

  • Common Stock

    The most basic form of ownership in a company, which entitles shareholders to voting rights and a share of the company's profits

  • Current Ratio

    A measure of a company's ability to pay its short-term debts, calculated by dividing its current assets by its current liabilities


  • Day Trading

    The practice of buying and selling securities within the same trading day, with the goal of making quick profits from short-term price fluctuations

  • Debt-to-Equity Ratio

    A measure of a company's financial leverage, calculated by dividing its total debt by its shareholders' equity

  • Diversification

    Spreading investments across different assets or asset classes to reduce risk

  • Dividend

    A payment made by a company to its shareholders, usually in the form of cash or additional shares of stock, as a share of its profits

  • Dividend Yield

    A financial ratio that shows how much a company pays out in dividends each year relative to its share price

  • Derivative

    A financial instrument whose value is derived from an underlying asset, such as a stock, bond, or commodity

  • Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA)

    A stock market index that represents 30 large, publicly traded companies in the United States


  • Earnings per Share (EPS)

    A company's profit divided by its outstanding shares of common stock, used to measure its profitability on a per-share basis

  • Economic Bubble

    A rapid increase in the price of an asset, followed by a sudden and significant decrease, often caused by speculation and a lack of underlying value

  • Equal Weight Rating

    A rating given to a stock by analysts, indicating that it is expected to perform in line with the overall market

  • Equity Income

    A type of investment that focuses on generating income from stocks, typically through dividends

  • Exchange

    A marketplace where securities, commodities, derivatives, and other financial instruments are traded

  • Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs)

    Investment funds that are traded on stock exchanges, similar to individual stocks, and typically track a specific index or sector

  • Expense Ratio

    The annual fee charged by a mutual fund or ETF to cover its operating expenses


  • Futures

    Financial contracts that obligate the buyer to purchase an asset or the seller to sell an asset at a predetermined future date and price


  • Going Long

    Buying a security with the expectation that its price will rise, allowing the investor to sell it at a higher price and make a profit

  • Going Short

    Selling a security that the investor does not own, with the expectation that its price will decline, allowing the investor to buy it back at a lower price and make a profit

  • Growth and Income Funds

    Investment funds that aim to provide both capital appreciation and regular income, typically by investing in a combination of growth stocks and income-generating assets

  • Growth Stocks

    Shares of companies that are expected to grow at an above-average rate compared to other companies in the market


  • Head and Shoulders Pattern

    A technical analysis chart pattern that indicates a reversal in a stock's price trend, with three peaks resembling a head and two shoulders

  • Hedge Fund

    An investment fund that pools capital from accredited individuals or institutional investors and invests in a variety of assets, often with complex strategies and high risk


  • Index Funds

    Investment funds that aim to replicate the performance of a specific market index, such as the Nifty 50 or Sensex

  • Inflation

    The rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising, eroding purchasing power

  • Initial Public Offering (IPO)

    The first sale of a company's shares to the public, allowing it to raise capital from outside investors


  • Limit Order

    An order to buy or sell a security at a specific price or better

  • Liquidity

    The ease with which an asset can be bought or sold without causing a significant change in its price


  • Margin

    Borrowed money that is used to purchase securities

  • Market Capitalization

    The total value of a company's outstanding shares of stock, calculated by multiplying the current share price by the number of shares outstanding

  • Market Index

    A measure of the overall performance of a specific market or sector, calculated using the prices of a group of stocks

  • Market Volatility

    The degree of variation in the price of a financial instrument over time

  • Moving Average

    A calculation used to analyze data points by creating a series of averages of different subsets of the full data set

  • Mutual Funds

    Investment funds that pool money from multiple investors to invest in a diversified portfolio of stocks, bonds, or other securities



    A global electronic marketplace for buying and selling securities, primarily consisting of technology and growth companies

  • Non-Fungible Token (NFT)

    A unique digital asset that represents ownership or proof of authenticity of a specific item, such as artwork or collectibles


  • Options

    Financial derivatives that give the buyer the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell an underlying asset at a predetermined price and within a specified period

  • Order Imbalance

    A situation in which the number of buy or sell orders for a particular security is significantly higher than the number of available shares, potentially leading to a large price movement

  • OTC Stocks

    Over-the-counter stocks, also known as unlisted stocks, are securities that are not listed on a formal exchange but are traded directly between parties

  • Outstanding Shares

    The total number of shares of a company


  • Portfolio

    A collection of investments, such as stocks, bonds, and mutual funds, held by an individual or institution

  • Price-Earnings Ratio (P/E Ratio)

    A valuation ratio that compares a company's current share price to its earnings per share, indicating the market's expectations for the company's future earnings growth


  • Return

    The gain or loss on an investment, typically expressed as a percentage of the original investment

  • Risk

    The potential for loss or uncertainty in an investment's return


  • Securities

    Financial instruments that represent a claim on the assets and earnings of a company, government, or other entity, such as stocks, bonds, and options

  • Sensex

    The stock market index of the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), consisting of 30 of the largest and most actively traded stocks on the BSE

  • Stock

    A type of security that represents ownership in a company and a claim on a portion of its assets and earnings


  • Trading

    The buying and selling of financial instruments, such as stocks, bonds, and options, with the goal of making a profit


  • Volatility

    A statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given security or market index, indicating the level of risk or uncertainty in the investment